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/ Surgical Disorders / Anal Fissure

An anal fissure is a tear in the lining of the lower rectum (anus)

Anal Fissure

Causes

  • Straining to defecate, especially if the stool is hard and dry
  • Severe and chronic constipation
  • Severe and chronic diarrhea
  • Crohn's disease and Ulcerative colitis
  • Tight sphincter muscles

Symptoms

  • An anal fissure causes a sharp, stinging, or burning pain during a bowel movement. The pain, which can be severe, may last for a few hours.
  • Fissures may itch, bleed or have yellow discharge.

Treatment

  • Anal dilatation
  • Lateral sphincterotomy
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