Bladder cancer is a cancerous tumor in the bladder - the organ that holds urine.
Causes, Incidence, and Risk Factors
- Cigarette smoking.
- Chemical exposure at work.
- Radiation and chemotherapy.
- Bladder infection.
- Parasite infection.
Most of the symptoms of bladder cancer can also occur with non-cancerous conditions. It's important to get evaluated if you have any of these symptoms
- Blood in the urine
- Painful urination
- Urinary frequency
- Urinary urgency
Stage 0 and I treatments
- Surgery to remove the tumor without removing the rest of the bladder (TUR-BT/Laser BT).
- Chemotherapy or immunotherapy directly into the bladder.
Laser for Bladder Tumors
Stage II and III treatments
- Surgery to remove the entire bladder (radical cystectomy).
Surgery to remove only part of the bladder, followed by radiation and chemotherapy.
- Chemotherapy to shrink the tumor before surgery.
A combination of chemotherapy and radiation (in patients who choose not to have surgery or who cannot have surgery).
Stage IV treatments