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/ Urinary Disorders / Bladder Cancer (Tumors)

Definition

Bladder cancer is a cancerous tumor in the bladder - the organ that holds urine.

Causes, Incidence, and Risk Factors

  • Cigarette smoking.
  • Chemical exposure at work.
  • Radiation and chemotherapy.
  • Bladder infection.
  • Parasite infection.

Symptoms

Most of the symptoms of bladder cancer can also occur with non-cancerous conditions. It's important to get evaluated if you have any of these symptoms

  • Blood in the urine
  • Painful urination
  • Urinary frequency
  • Urinary urgency

Treatment

Stage 0 and I treatments

  • Surgery to remove the tumor without removing the rest of the bladder (TUR-BT/Laser BT).
  • Chemotherapy or immunotherapy directly into the bladder.

Laser for Bladder Tumors

Stage II and III treatments

  • Surgery to remove the entire bladder (radical cystectomy).
  • Surgery to remove only part of the bladder, followed by radiation and chemotherapy.
  • Chemotherapy to shrink the tumor before surgery.
  • A combination of chemotherapy and radiation (in patients who choose not to have surgery or who cannot have surgery).

Stage IV treatments

  • Most patients with stage IV tumors cannot be cured and surgery is not appropriate. In these patients chemotherapy is often considered.
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