Breast disorders may be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
Common symptoms include breast pain, lumps, and a discharge from the nipple. If a woman has any of the following symptoms, she should see her doctor:
- A lump that feels distinctly different from other breast tissue or that does not go away
- Swelling that does not go away
- Puckering or dimpling in the skin of the breast
- Scaly skin around the nipple
- Changes in the shape of the breast
- Changes in the nipple, such as turning inward
- Discharge from the nipple, especially if it is blood
Surgery for breast cancer consists of two main options
- Breast-conserving surgery (in which only the tumor and an area of normal tissue surrounding it is removed)
- Lumpectomy - In which a small amount of surrounding normal tissue is removeds.
- Partial mastectomy - In which a somewhat larger amount of the surrounding normal tissue is removeds.
- Quadrantectomy - In which one fourth of the breast is removed.
- Mastectomy - In which all breast tissue along with draining lymph nodes in the axilla