/ Urinary Disorders / Nephrectomy (Removal of Kidney)
Kidney removal, also called nephrectomy, is a surgical procedure to remove a kidney.
Kidney removal may be done as open surgery, which involves a large cut in the side of the abdomen. Some patients may have laparoscopic surgery, which is less invasive and involves three or four small cuts, usually no more than an inch each, in the abdominal and flank areas.
Kidney removal may be recommended for
Birth defects (congenital abnormalities)
Kidney removal is also performed on someone who donates a kidney for a kidney transplant.
Three half-inch incisions in the abdomen; one 2.5 to 3 inch incision low in the abdomen, in the bikini area. No muscle is cut during any of these incisions.
A 6 to 10 inch muscle cutting incision on the side of the abdomen; frequently requires removal of one rib
Length of hospital stay
1 to 2 days
3 to 5 days
Less scarring after surgery. Less discomfort and decreased need for pain medication
Increased scarring after surgery. Greater need for pain medication