Prolapse of rectal mucosa through anal opening is called as rectal prolapse. Complete rectal prolapse is defined as the protrusion of all layers of the rectal wall through the anal sphincter complex.
- It is often associated with long-standing constipation.
- Other predisposing conditions include chronic straining during defecation, pregnancy, previous surgery, and neurologic disease .
- A mass protruding through the anus.
- Pain in the anus
- Fecal incontinence
The standard treatment for complete rectal prolapse consists of either transabdominal or perineal surgery.
- Abdominal rectopexy
- Laparoscopic rectopexy